Andrew Szocka Law Blog

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Thinking about beginning a business venture but don’t know where to start? One of the initial items you should examine is the way you want your company to be organized. Various structures are better for specific conditions, so understanding the Read More…. The post Partnership, LLC or Corporation: Find Out What Kind of Business is Right for You! appeared first on Law Office of Andrew Szocka, P.C..…
When it comes to planning your estate, it’s never a good idea to proceed without legal representation. This is particularly true if your estate planning will go beyond a basic last will and testament. Importance of Estate Planning Leaving Specific People Read More…. The post Planning For The Future? Why You Need An Attorney When Planning Your Estate appeared first on Law Office of Andrew Szocka, P.C..…
INJUNCTIONS AND TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDERS: HOW A COURT  TELLS SOMEONE TO “STOP.”    Illinois law recognizes three types of injunctive relief, 1) temporary restraining order, 2)  preliminary injunction, and 3) permanent injunction.  County of Boone v. Plote Construction,  Inc., 2017 IL App (2d) 160184 at ¶ 27.  Each have unique characteristics, but all are tools to  stop another party from either engaging in an activity, or preventing the other party from  starting an activity.    A temporary restraining order (“TRO”) is the path toward the most immediate, albeit  possibly temporary, relief.  Courts can issue a TRO with, or without, notice.  735 ILCS  5/11-101.  A TRO entered without notice expires in 10 days in order to maintain due process.   Id.    If a TRO is entered with notice, the 10 day expiration date under 735 ILCS 5/11-101 does not  apply.  Id.  However, a hearing on the validity of the TRO must be held within 10 days.   Plote Construction, 2019 IL App (2d) at ¶ 27.  This provides the other party a fair  opportunity to present its side of the story.  Id.    A party considering a TRO must raise a fair question about the existence of its rights that  entitle it to relief, and that the court should preserve the status quo until the matter is decided  on the merits.  County of DuPage v. Gavrilos, 359 Ill.App.3d 629 (2nd Dist. 2005).  Whether  the party is entitled to relief requires a likelihood of success on the merits.  Id. at 634-35.   Courts can review evidence and affidavits when considering a party’s likelihood of success.   Id.    A TRO issued with notice and for an unlimited duration is the same type of relief as a  preliminary injunction. In re Estate of Wilson, 373 Ill. App. 3d 1066, 1075 (1st Dist. 2007).   However, a TRO that expires requires the prevailing party to seek a preliminary injunction.   Id.    A preliminary injunction is granted when the party demonstrates a clear ascertainable right in  need of protection, irreparable harm to the party without an injunction, no adequate remedy  at law for the party’s injury, and that the party has a substantial likelihood of success on the  merits in the underlying action.  Franz v. Calaco Development Corp., 322 Ill.App.3d 941,  946 (2nd Dist. 2001).  If granted, the preliminary injunction lasts throughout the duration of  the case.  Id.    A party with a preliminary injunction that ultimately prevails on the merits of the underlying  case may be entitled to a permanent injunction.  Sparks v. Gray, 334 Ill.App.3d 390 (5th Dist.  Read More…. The post INJUNCTIONS AND TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDERS: HOW A COURT  TELLS SOMEONE TO “STOP.”  appeared first on Law Office of Andrew Szocka, P.C..…
PARTITION: THE PREFERENCE OF ILLINOIS COURTS FOR DIVISION OF REAL PROPERTY RATHER THAN SALE Partition of land divides real property among two or more joint tenants or tenants in common.  See 735 ILCS 5/17-101; Peck v. Peck, 157 N.E.2d 249, Read More…. The post PARTITION: THE PREFERENCE OF ILLINOIS COURTS FOR DIVISION OF REAL PROPERTY RATHER THAN SALE appeared first on Law Office of Andrew Szocka, P.C..…
REFORMATION: WHEN COURTS WILL CHANGE A WRITTEN CONTRACT.   Illinois Courts do not favor changing written contracts between parties – also known as reformation of a contract.  Kolkovich v. Tosolin, 19 Ill.App.3d 524, 527-28 (4th Dist. 1978) (stating that “courts Read More…. The post REFORMATION: WHEN COURTS WILL CHANGE A WRITTEN CONTRACT appeared first on Law Office of Andrew Szocka, P.C..…