Newborn’s seizure can be a daunting and emotional experience for any parent. Newborn seizures often indicate underlying medical issues, some of which might be the result of medical negligence or birth injuries. In such challenging times, the expertise of a specialized newborn seizure lawyer can be invaluable. These legal professionals focus on securing justice and compensation for families affected by such traumatic events, holding medical providers accountable for their actions. Understanding the newborn seizure lawyer is the first step toward advocating for your child’s rights and ensuring they receive the necessary care and support for their future well-being.

What Are Newborn Seizures?

Newborn Seizures Lawyer
The child is resting with the father.

Newborn seizures are sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbances in the brain that can cause a variety of physical and behavioral symptoms. These seizures are relatively common in neonates (newborns), particularly in the first month of life, and they can be a sign of a serious underlying medical condition.

Types Of Newborn Seizures

Newborn seizures can manifest in various forms, each indicating different underlying causes and potential medical conditions.

Here are some common types:

1. Subtle Seizures: Often challenging to detect, these seizures may involve subtle changes in behavior, such as eye deviation, sucking or chewing motions, or slight movements of the limbs.

2. Clonic Seizures: Characterized by rhythmic jerking movements of the baby’s limbs.

3. Tonic Seizures: Marked by stiffening or increased muscle tone in the baby’s body, typically lasting for a few seconds to minutes.

4. Myoclonic Seizures: Involving sudden, brief muscle contractions, which may cause the baby’s limbs to jerk.

5. Focal Seizures: Occurring in specific areas of the brain, focal seizures may cause localized symptoms such as twitching or abnormal movements on one side of the body.

6. Generalized Seizures: Involving widespread electrical disturbances in the brain, generalized seizures may present as tonic-clonic (formerly known as grand mal) seizures, where the baby experiences both stiffening and jerking movements.

Symptoms Of Newborn Seizures

Newborn seizures can present with a variety of subtle and overt symptoms, making them sometimes difficult to recognize.

Common signs include rhythmic jerking movements of the arms and legs, repetitive facial movements like lip smacking or chewing, and unusual eye movements such as blinking or staring spells.

Other symptoms might be changes in muscle tone, with the baby appearing unusually stiff or limp, and episodes of apnea where breathing briefly stops.

Subtle changes in behavior, such as unresponsiveness or sudden, unexplained agitation, can also indicate seizures.

Prompt recognition and medical evaluation of these symptoms are crucial for diagnosing and managing newborn seizures effectively.

Causes Of Newborn Seizures

Newborn seizures can arise from various underlying causes, ranging from neurological conditions to metabolic disturbances.

Here are some common causes:

1. Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE): Oxygen deprivation during birth can lead to brain injury, resulting in seizures.

2. Birth Trauma: Physical injury during labor or delivery, such as head trauma, can trigger seizures in newborns.

3. Infections: Bacterial or viral infections, such as meningitis or encephalitis, can cause inflammation of the brain, leading to seizures.

4. Metabolic Disorders: Imbalances in electrolytes (e.g., sodium, calcium) or glucose levels can disrupt brain function and provoke seizures.

5. Genetic Factors: Inherited conditions affecting brain development or function may predispose newborns to seizures.

6. Brain Abnormalities: Structural abnormalities in the brain, such as malformations or abnormalities in brain development, can increase the risk of seizures.

7. Neonatal Stroke: Interruption of blood flow to the brain due to blood clots or vascular abnormalities can result in stroke-like symptoms, including seizures.

8. Drug Withdrawal: Newborns exposed to certain substances in utero, such as opioids or benzodiazepines, may experience withdrawal symptoms, including seizures.

9. Maternal Health Conditions: Maternal conditions like epilepsy or poorly controlled diabetes can increase the risk of seizures in newborns.


The treatment approach for newborn seizures depends on several factors, including the underlying cause, the severity of the seizures, and the overall health of the infant.

Here are common treatment modalities:

Medications: Anticonvulsant medications are often used to control seizures in newborns. Commonly prescribed drugs include phenobarbital, levetiracetam, phenytoin, and benzodiazepines like lorazepam or midazolam. The choice of medication depends on factors such as the type of seizure and the infant’s response to treatment.

Treatment of Underlying Conditions: Addressing the underlying cause of seizures is crucial for effective management. This may involve administering antibiotics for infections, correcting metabolic imbalances, or providing supportive care for conditions like hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) or neonatal stroke.

Neonatal Intensive Care: Infants with severe or prolonged seizures may require admission to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for close monitoring and specialized care. NICU staff can provide respiratory support, intravenous fluids, and other interventions to stabilize the infant’s condition.

Seizure Monitoring: Continuous electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring may be necessary to assess brain activity and detect seizure activity. This allows healthcare providers to adjust medication dosages and evaluate the effectiveness of treatment.

Supportive Care: Ensuring adequate nutrition, hydration, and temperature regulation is essential for the overall well-being of newborns experiencing seizures. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and developmental support may also be beneficial for infants with neurological complications.

Long-Term Follow-Up: Infants who experience seizures in the newborn period may require long-term monitoring and follow-up care to assess developmental progress, detect any ongoing neurological issues, and adjust treatment as needed.

Do Newborn Seizures Have Long-Term Effects?

Newborn Seizures Lawyer
The newborn baby is sleeping in the mother’s hands.

Newborn seizures can have various long-term effects, depending on factors such as the underlying cause, the severity of the seizures, and the promptness and effectiveness of treatment.

Some potential long-term effects include:

Neurodevelopmental Delays: Seizures and the underlying conditions that cause them can disrupt normal brain development, leading to delays in cognitive, motor, and social development.

Intellectual Disability: Severe or prolonged seizures may result in intellectual disability or learning difficulties, affecting academic achievement and adaptive functioning.

Motor Impairments: Some infants may experience motor impairments, such as cerebral palsy or motor coordination problems, as a result of brain injury associated with seizures.

Behavioral and Emotional Challenges: Children who have experienced seizures in infancy may be at increased risk of behavioral problems, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, and mood disorders.

Epilepsy: Newborn seizures can be an early sign of epilepsy, a chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. Infants who have experienced seizures in the newborn period may be at increased risk of developing epilepsy later in life.

Speech and Language Disorders: Seizures and associated neurological conditions can affect speech and language development, leading to difficulties in communication and social interaction.

Vision and Hearing Impairments: Seizures and brain injuries may affect sensory processing, leading to vision or hearing impairments in some cases.

How Much Newborn Seizures Take Time To Recover?

Recovery from newborn seizures can vary greatly depending on factors such as the underlying cause of the seizures, the severity of the neurological injury, and the effectiveness of treatment. For some infants, seizures may resolve relatively quickly with appropriate medical intervention, while for others, recovery may be a gradual and ongoing process.

Neurological rehabilitation, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy, may be necessary to address developmental delays, motor impairments, and cognitive deficits resulting from seizures and associated brain injury.

Early intervention and multidisciplinary care can play a crucial role in maximizing the infant’s potential for recovery and optimizing long-term outcomes.

Negligence In Newborn Seizures By Healthcare Providers

Newborn Seizures Lawyer
Doctors is vaccinating the child by injecting medicine.

Negligence in cases involving newborn seizures can occur when healthcare providers fail to meet the standard of care expected in their profession, leading to harm or injury to the newborn.

Here are some examples of negligence that may contribute to newborn seizures:

Failure to Monitor: Healthcare providers may fail to adequately monitor the mother and baby during labor and delivery, resulting in missed signs of fetal distress or oxygen deprivation, which can lead to newborn seizures.

Delay in Diagnosis or Treatment: Delayed or incorrect diagnosis of conditions such as hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), infections, or metabolic disorders can lead to delays in appropriate treatment and increased risk of seizures.

Medication Errors: Errors in medication administration, dosage calculation, or prescription can lead to adverse drug reactions or inadequate seizure control in newborns.

Birth Trauma: Improper handling or use of delivery instruments (e.g., forceps or vacuum extractors) during childbirth can cause head trauma or brain injury, increasing the risk of seizures in newborns.

Failure to Provide Informed Consent: Healthcare providers may fail to inform parents about the risks associated with certain medical interventions or treatments during pregnancy, labor, or childbirth, leading to preventable complications and seizures in newborns.

Substandard Neonatal Care: Inadequate staffing, training, or equipment in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) can compromise the quality of care provided to newborns with seizures, leading to adverse outcomes.

Mismanagement of Maternal Health Conditions: Failure to properly manage maternal health conditions such as epilepsy, diabetes, or hypertension during pregnancy can increase the risk of complications, including newborn seizures.

Lack of Follow-up Care: Failure to provide appropriate follow-up care and monitoring for newborns at risk of seizures or neurological complications can result in missed opportunities for early intervention and treatment.

Compensation Claim For Newborn Seizures

Compensation for newborn seizures can be pursued through legal avenues if the seizures were caused by medical negligence or birth injuries.

Here’s how compensation may be sought:

Medical Malpractice Lawsuits: If healthcare providers fail to provide an acceptable standard of care during pregnancy, labor, or delivery, resulting in newborn seizures, families may pursue compensation through medical malpractice lawsuits. Compensation may cover medical expenses, future care costs, pain and suffering, and other damages.

Birth Injury Claims: If the newborn’s seizures were caused by birth injuries such as oxygen deprivation (hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy), trauma during delivery, or medication errors, families seek compensation through birth injury claims.

Settlements and Verdicts: Compensation for newborn seizures can be obtained through settlements negotiated with insurance companies or through jury verdicts in court, depending on the circumstances of the case and the extent of the harm suffered by the newborn and family.

Long-Term Care Costs: Lifelong complications associated with newborn seizures, compensation may include funds for ongoing medical treatment, therapy, assistive devices, and other necessary supports to ensure the child’s well-being and quality of life.

Lawyer’s Consideration

When a lawyer takes on a case involving newborn seizures, several considerations ensure the best possible outcome for the client.

Here are some key factors a lawyer may consider:

Medical Expertise: Understanding the medical aspects of newborn seizures is crucial for building a strong case. A lawyer consults with medical experts, to review medical records, assess the standard of care provided, and identify any instances of negligence or medical malpractice.

Gathering Evidence: Collecting evidence to support the case is essential. This may involve obtaining medical records, conducting witness interviews, and gathering documentation of the newborn’s medical history, treatments, and outcomes.

Legal Analysis: Analyze the legal aspects, including relevant statutes, regulations, and case law about medical malpractice, birth injuries, and newborn seizures.

Establishing Negligence: The lawyer must demonstrate that the healthcare provider breached the standard of care expected in their profession. This requires a thorough understanding of medical standards and practices.

Assessing Damages: Evaluating the damages suffered by the newborn and their family is essential for determining the appropriate compensation to seek. This may include medical expenses, future care costs, pain and suffering, loss of earning capacity, and other damages.

Client Advocacy: Advocating for the client’s rights and best interests is paramount. A lawyer will communicate with the client, provide legal guidance and support, and advocate the legal process.

Negotiation and Litigation: A lawyer may negotiate with the defendant’s insurance company for a settlement or, litigate the case in court.

Compassion and Empathy: Dealing with a case involving newborn seizures requires sensitivity and empathy. A lawyer should approach the case with compassion for the newborn and their family, understanding the emotional and physical challenges.


What Does A Newborn Seizure Lawyer Do?

A newborn seizures lawyer specializes in cases where newborns have experienced seizures, often due to medical negligence or birth injuries. They work to hold healthcare providers accountable for their actions and secure compensation for the affected families.

When Should I Contact A Newborn Seizure Lawyer?

It’s advisable to contact a newborn seizure lawyer as soon as possible if you suspect that medical negligence has contributed to a child’s seizures. They can assess your case, guide you through the legal process, and help protect your rights.

How can a newborn seizure lawyer help me?

A newborn seizures lawyer can help investigate the circumstances surrounding your child’s seizures. Gather evidence of medical negligence, and advocate to seek justice and fair compensation for the harm caused to your child and family.

What types of cases do newborn seizure lawyers handle?

Newborn seizure lawyers handle cases involving a wide range of issues, including failure to monitor during labor and delivery, birth trauma, medication errors, mismanagement of maternal health conditions, and other forms of medical negligence leading to newborn seizures.

Contact Us Now For Birth-Related Injuries

If you believe your child was injured during birth, it’s important to talk to someone who can help you understand what happened and what you can do next. Our birth injury and cerebral palsy lawyers in Chicago have years of experience handling cases just like yours. We will also work hard to get you the compensation your family deserves. Don’t hesitate to call us at (312) 598-0930 today to get the help you need.

Interesting Reads:

Stiff Baby and Birth Injuries | Hypertonia

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy Attorney

Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of Newborn

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